The relationship between contractors, subcontractors and construction labor unions is a complex one. The heart of the relationship is the collective bargaining agreement and the bargaining process. Too often, contractors feel like passengers on a train that has already left the station, with little formal background in the framework for bargaining, their ability to influence the bargaining agreement, and the options they may have whether an 8f or 9a contractor. This topic will help those involved in bargaining or administering collective bargaining agreements to better understand how these agreements are established, and what kind of obligations as well as flexibility contractors might have in the face of the agreements. It is said that knowledge is power, and having greater power in this bargaining relationship is critical in these days of tight employment, competitive bids, and opportunities for success in an expanding market.